Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule – Feminist and India’s First Female Teacher

Savitribai Phule was a prestigious social reformer, writer, and educationalist in nineteenth-century India. She is known for her enormous commitments to ladies’ schooling, battling orientation and station issues, and overall being a dauntless, straightforward lady in spite of the requirements ladies were under in her time. She’s viewed as the mother of Indian feminism in many cases. Her commitments to ladies’ schooling and freedom are excellent and act as a motivation for young ladies even today. She is additionally known for handling the malicious act of position segregation.


Savitribai Phule was brought into the world on January 3, 1831, in the town of Naigon, Maharashtra.

Her folks, Lakshmi and Khandoji Nevase Patil, both had a place in the Mali people group. She was their oldest little girl.

As it was customary in those times, she was offered at the youthful age of 9 to Jyotirao Phule, who was 13 at that point. The two of them had a place in a similar local area.

She was generally anxious to figure out how to peruse and study, yet it wasn’t normal for ladies to get taught around then. Her significant other, who is likewise known for being a social reformer, encouraged her enthusiasm to study. With his assistance, Savitribai figured out how to peruse after their marriage.

Training and Working

After Jyotirao Phule trained Savitribai Phule to peruse and get essential schooling, she was additionally instructed by his companions, Keshav Shivram Bhavalkar and Sakharam Yeshwant Paranjpe. She was soon motivated to be an educator.

Savitribai Phule enlisted herself as an educator, preparing programmes after her schooling. First in an establishment in Ahmednagar, run by the American minister Cynthia Farrar, and afterward in a “typical school” in Pune. She could probably have been the first Indian lady to be an educator and headmistress.

‘Subsequent to being prepared as an educator, Savitribai began showing young ladies in Pune, alongside Jyotirao Phule’s guide, Sagunabai. Sagunabai is frequently alluded to as a progressive women’s activist and social reformist.

Not long after that, Savitribai, Jyotirao, and Sagunabai began their most memorable school at Bhide Wada. It was indigenous and, interestingly, designed for young ladies.

After a few more years, the organisation was running three schools for young ladies in Maharashtra.Their educational programme was exemplary and progressed. According to some, the number of young ladies who enrolled in their schools outnumbers the number of young men enrolled in government schools.

In 1849, Savitribai Phule opened a school alongside Fatima Sheik, who is supposed to be the first Muslim female instructor in quite a while.

During the 1850s, she laid out two instructive trusts called the “Local Female School” in Pune and the Society for Promoting the Education of Mahars, Mangs, and Etceteras, alongside her significant other.

Savitribai Phule and Jyotirao Phule opened an aggregate of 18 schools together, advancing the training of inverted standings and ladies.

They additionally opened a consideration community called “Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha” for pregnant assault casualties and to empower them to bring up their kids.

Savitribai, a creative mind and humanitarian, has also written a couple of progressive artistic works.This incorporates Kavya Phule (1854), Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar (1892), and a sonnet named “Go Get Education”.

She additionally settled the Mahila Seva Mandal to bring issues to light about ladies’ issues.

Both Jyotirao Phule and Savitribai Phule battled against different social disasters. They denounced the standing framework, criticised Sati, supported the training of the abused, widow remarriage, etc. They opened a few homes and trusts to assist the troubled.

Savitribai Phule - India's First Female Teacher

Heritage and Achievements

Savitribai Phule carried on with a rousing, famous and full life. Today she is a women’s activist and a hostile position symbol. Consistently on her birthday, January 3, “Balika Diwas” is praised, respecting the young lady kid and her right to instruction.

Savitribai is regarded by numerous administrative bodies as well. Pune City Corporation made a commemoration for her in 1983. On March 10, 1998, India Post issued a stamp to celebrate her.

The University of Pune has been renamed Savitribai Phule Pune University.

Her motivating life has frequently been portrayed in numerous TV shows, biopics, and books. She is one of the most rousing Indian ladies one could pay special attention to.


India’s first female teacher, “Savitribai Phule, died at the age of 66 on March 10, 1897 due to the bubonic plague while she was carrying the plague patient to the hospital, which was opened by Phule and her adopted son, Yashwant, to treat the patients. While her son, Yashwant, served the victims for a few more years, eventually he too lost the battle with the plague and died on October 13, 1905.

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